Remembering the early days of independence, General Vo Nguyen Giap once wrote that these were “unforgettable” years. There were so many great events took place every day, every moment.
Vietnamese history started about 3000 to 4000 years ago. The Vietnamese area has had people living since the Stone Age. By about 1200 BC, the development of techniques for wet rice cultivation and copper casting in the Ma River and Red River Delta region led to the development of Dong Son culture, highlighted with bronze drums. The first ethnic Vietnamese ethnic groups in the Linh Nam region, including a large area south of China’s Changjiang River today to the Red River and Ma River deltas in northern Vietnam.
According to tradition, Hung Vuong’s reigns over the Van Lang country of the Lac Viet people were established in the 7th century BC in the region of northern Vietnam today, which is based in Phong Chau, Phu Tho. The Lac Viet people are seen as the ancestors of modern Vietnamese people. By the 3rd century BC, Thuc Phan from Thuc had robbed the 18th King Hung Vuong and founded Au Lac. At the end of the Qin and Trieu Da dynasties in the Nam Hai district, conquering neighboring areas such as Au Lac and Que Lam created a kingdom called Nam Viet.
In 111 BC, the Han Dynasty from China absorbed Vietnam into their empire. Vietnam would remain a part of the Chinese empire for over 1000 years. It was in 938 AD that Ngo Quyen defeated the Chinese and gained independence for Vietnam. Vietnam was then ruled by a succession of dynasties including the Ly, Tran, and the Le dynasty. Under the Le dynasty, the kingdom of Vietnam reached its peak, expanding to the south and conquering a portion of the Khmer Empire.
In 1858 the French came to Vietnam. In 1893 the French incorporated Vietnam into French Indochina. France continued to rule until it was defeated by communist forces led by Ho Chi Minh in 1954. The country became divided into Communist North Vietnam and the anti-Communist South. The Vietnam War raged for years between the two countries with the US supporting the South and communist countries supporting the north. The North eventually won uniting the country under communist rule in 1975.
In the period of 1975 – 1979, Vietnam entered the war of Southwestern Border (1975-1978) and Vietnam-China Border War (from February 17, 1979, to March 16, 1979).
On July 2, 1976, President Ho Minh Minh officially renamed the country into the Socialist Republic of Vietnam taking Hanoi as the capital and renaming Saigon as Ho Chi Minh City.
After the liberation of the whole country, Vietnam entered the recovery phase of more than 30 years of war and started building the country. Since then, Vietnam has entered a period of economic development.