Cultural region refers to a space with similarities in natural conditions, living people. There, there have long been relationships about origin and history, there are similarities in the process. level of socio-economic development. Between the communities in the same area, exchanges and cultural influences have taken place, so the common characteristics have been formed in the cultural and spiritual cultural activities of the inhabitants. All of which makes a difference when compared to other cultural regions.
Vietnamese culture is a national/national cultural community, include many cultural regions, which is a unified national culture based on ethnic cultural diversity. Here are 6 main culture regions that we would recommend with you:
1. Tay Bac cultural region
The Vietnamese Tay Bac culture consists of provinces: Lai Chau, Lao Cao, Son La, Yen Bai and a part of Hoa Binh province, currently there are more than twenty ethnic groups living together. In particular, the Thai ethnic group (with elements from Southeast Asian culture) emerged as a nuance representing the Northwest culture. From landscape conditions, the living environment has created features, both spiritual material, for this region’s culture. The ethnic groups in the region all have beliefs in “spiritual things” and agricultural beliefs.
In the traditional society of the Northwest, although there is no professional culture (scholarly), each ethnic group has its own art and culture store with rich words and genres, ethnic dance art is also a The characteristics of the Northwest region (the Thai “Xòe” dance have become the Northwest cultural symbol). Music and singing here are also very special: The instrument system has bamboo, brass, or silver blades … not seen or seen in other regions, Northwest poetry is composed to sing rather than reading, costume decoration art was at a high level. Cultural exchanges between ethnic groups in the region take place very naturally.
2. Viet Bac cultural region
The Vietnamese Viet Bac cultural region includes the provinces of Cao Bang, Bac Thai, Lang Son, Tuyen Quang, Ha Giang, the hills and mountains of Phu Tho, Bac Giang and Quang Ninh provinces. The main inhabitants of the Viet Bac region are the Tay – Nung. In addition, there are other ethnic groups such as H’Mong, Dao, Hoa, Lo Lo, San Chay …, but in which Tay – Nung culture plays the role of subject and influences the culture of ethnic other groups.
Due to the geographical-historical position, this land has long been closely associated with the center of the country, with the Vietnamese in the Northern Delta. At the same time, this is also the gateway area, the cultural exchange corridor between our country and the North, so besides the cultural effects of the Kinh people, the influence of Han culture is clearly visible. The general cultural characteristics of the region are expressed through the long life of the residents here, through the means of labor, through the treatment of the natural environment, through the habits of living (eating, wear, stay, travel). The beliefs of the inhabitants here mix the folk beliefs (agricultural beliefs, ancestor worship …) with Taoist, Buddhist, and Confucian influences.
Community cultural activities show their focus in traditional festivals (which are typical of the Dong Tong – Assembly in the field), and market cultural activities, this is a special cultural activity in the Vietnamese region. North. The folklore genres of Viet Bac are quite diverse and rich. Another remarkable thing is that the knowledge class of Tay Nung first formed early as folk intellectuals (such as Mo, Then, Cao and Put masters). Today, the training of intellectuals and scientific officials for Viet Bac is also paid attention by the Vietnamese State.
3. Chau Tho Bac Bo cultural region
The Vietnamese Chau Tho Bac Bo cultural region is a plain in the basin of Red and Ma rivers, with mainly Vietnamese people and agricultural rice cultivation culture. The Northern Delta is an ancient cultural and historical area, a cradle of Vietnamese nationality, the center of great civilizations: Dong Son, Dai Viet… Therefore, it carries in itself the traditional national culture is sustainable, both adapting in time with historical fluctuations – manifesting: absorbing external influences to re-create its own values and identity – both play a role in guiding the path of the nation and the country. This is the land that attracts the essence of the place, and then it radiates cultural values, making it a beautiful symbol of traditional Vietnamese culture.
4. Trung Bo cultural region
The Vietnamese Trung Bo culture region includes Quang Binh, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue, Quang Nam, Da Nang, Quang Ngai, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, Khanh Hoa, Ninh Thuan, and Binh Thuan provinces. Due to its geographic – historical position, Central Vietnam has become a transfer station, a place to stop the Vietnamese people before moving south to open the realm.
There was a direct exchange between Vietnamese and Cham people, Vietnamese people received Cham cultural heritage (both physical and inanimate) and Vietnamese iced to become their own. This cultural acculturation has made the culture of the Central Vietnamese people change compared to that of the North Vietnamese. Natural conditions and environment have made this land formed a marine culture besides agricultural culture.
5. Tay Nguyen cultural region
Vietnamese Tay Nguyen cultural region includes Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Dak Lak, Lam Dong provinces, which are home to more than twenty ethnic groups belonging to two main language groups: Mon – Khmer and Malay – Nam Dao. This is a relatively closed area, with little interaction with the outside. Until now, Tay Nguyen ethnic groups have preserved quite intact their traditional culture. It is an ancient indigenous Southeast Asian culture before encountering two Chinese and Indian civilizations. Upland cultivation has created great cultural nuances of this region. The entire ethnic culture is basically folklore and agricultural beliefs with the level of mystical thinking, “Cong Chieng culture” and “Nha Mo culture” are the typical characteristic of the culture of this region.
6. Nam Bo cultural region
Nam Bo culture is formed in the delta of the two major river systems of Cuu Long in the west and Dong Nai in the east. This is a new land for the Khmer, Vietnamese and Chinese people. The natural and environmental conditions of the Southern region have created this land with typical cultural nuances and their own “personalities”. The first feature is that it is easy to see that the cultural exchange process takes place at a rapid pace, making the Southern culture open and outward. Southern culture is a combination of the traditional culture of the original land (ethnic groups of Vietnamese, Chinese, Khmer and Me …) with natural conditions of the new land, giving rise to cultural elements Individual chemistry manifests itself in both material and spiritual life.
Hope this article helps you to better understand the culture of the regions of Vietnam. Through that, we want to contribute to bringing foreign tourists a new and more comprehensive look when coming to each region of Vietnam.